Notes on Hegel’s Science of Logic

On wholeness:

The individual circle thus ruptures itself because it is in itself a totality, it breaks through the limit of its own elements and establishes another sphere. The whole presents itself then as a circle of circles in which each circle is a necessary moment, so that the system of its characteristic elements constitutes the whole idea, which also appears in each individual part (p. 51)

Now since  the idea is reason identical to itself, which, in order to be for itself stands in opposition to itself and is itself an other, but in this other is identical to itself, science falls into three parts: (1) logic, the science of the idea in and for itself; (2) the philosophy of nature, as the science of the idea in its otherness; (3) the philosophy of spirit, the science of the idea as it returns to itself from its otherness (p. 54).

[D]ifferences among the various philosophical sciences are only determinations of the idea itself, and it is thus only the idea that manifests itself in these different elements. In nature it is not an other that needs to be recognized as the idea; the idea is in the form of alienation; in the spirit, the same idea has asserted itself as being for itself and becoming in and for itself (p. 55).

 

Hegel, Georg Wilhelm Friedrich. Encyclopedia of the Philosophical Sciences in Outline, and Critical Writings. Edited by Ernst Behler. Translated by Steven A Taubeneck. New York: Continuum, 1990.

Behind the scenes as Joseph Gamble produces large-format tintypes for Vanitas Fair exhibit

Joseph Gamble Vanitas Fair: A Collection of Tintypes

Joseph Gamble Vanitas Fair: A Collection of Tintypes

Tampa portrait photographer Joseph Gamble invited me into his tintype studio and darkroom again. You can see the pictures from my first visit, here. Yesterday, Joseph was finishing double-exposure large-format portraits for his memento mori vanitas project. Using a nineteenth-century tintype photographic process, Joseph is exploring modern notions of glamour through the context of mortality.

The images will be exhibited from 5-7 p.m. at Gallery 501 on March 21st. Gallery 501 is a teaching gallery at Blake High School in Tampa. The address is 1701 North Boulevard, Tampa, FL 33607. Visit the event’s Facebook page to see a sample of tintypes that will exhibited and to leave comments or ask questions.

Yesterday I brought my Sony RX1 into Joseph’s studio and darkroom to capture a few images of his process. This time, he was photographing my wife Katie. The portrait is a double exposure on a single tintype plate – one exposure of Katie and a second exposure of a skull. You can see how Joseph outlines Katie’s face on the camera’s 8×10 back plate to aid aligning the exposure of the skull.

The final results are darkly beautiful. The skull and face – and those eyes! –  merge into a single facial surface. The mortality most of us fear invades, and transforms, the presentation we expect of ourselves. The fact of our life and our death is seen at once. Death is no longer forestalled. The images ask us to consider how death lives with us. Can we live in spite of death? Is death what defines life? How can we embrace our own mortality in a way that enriches the life we have left?

Joseph Gamble's tintype plates cure in preparation for his Vanitas Fair exhibit.

Joseph Gamble’s tintype plates cure in preparation for his Vanitas Fair exhibit (Sony RX1, iso 3200, 1/50 sec, f2).

In the darkroom, Joseph Gamble prepares an 8x10 tintype plate for a portrait that will be in his upcoming Vanitas Fair exhibit (Sony RX1, iso 25600, 1/15 sec, f2).

In the darkroom, Joseph Gamble prepares an 8×10 tintype plate for a portrait that will be in his upcoming Vanitas Fair exhibit (Sony RX1, iso 25600, 1/15 sec, f2).

Katie sits for one of Joseph Gamble's 8x10 tintype portraits (Sony RX1, iso 1250, 1/800 sec, f2).

Katie sits for one of Joseph Gamble’s 8×10 tintype portraits (Sony RX1, iso 1250, 1/800 sec, f2).

Joseph Gamble creates 8x10 tintype portraits for his Vanitas Fair exhibit (Sony RX1, iso 800, 1/25 sec, f2).

Joseph Gamble creates 8×10 tintype portraits for his Vanitas Fair exhibit (Sony RX1, iso 800, 1/25 sec, f2).

Joseph Gamble aligns the second exposure with the outline of Katie's face from the first exposure.

Joseph Gamble aligns the second exposure with the outline of Katie’s face from the first exposure. Joseph is creating 8×10 tintype portraits and still life images for his upcoming Vanitas Fair exhibit (Sony RX1, iso 1250, 1/10, f2.5)

Joseph Gamble and Katie in the tintype darkroom.

Joseph Gamble and Katie in the tintype darkroom. Joseph is producing tintype portraits and still life images for his upcoming Vanitas Fair exhibit (Sony RX1, iso 8000, 1/2 sec, f2).

Joseph Gamble and Katie inspect the 8x10 tintype portrait (Sony RX1, iso 500, 1/40, f2).

Joseph Gamble and Katie inspect the 8×10 tintype portrait. This one did not pass, another was made (Sony RX1, iso 500, 1/40, f2).

Katie inspects her 8x10 tintype portrait

Katie inspects her 8×10 tintype portrait made by Joseph Gamble for his upcoming Vanitas Fair exhibit (Sony RX1, iso 800, 1/50 sec, f2).

Hartman on Hegel’s Reason in History

Robert S. Hartman (p. xii)  introduces Hegel’s Reason in History:

Thought is what is ideal in the world; the world is what is concrete in the Idea. For the Idea is not static, but dynamic; it gives rise, by its own inner dynamic, to all that exists. All existence is the manifestation, the actualization, of the Idea. Only be being actualized does the Idea receive its full reality, and only by containing the Idea, does the existing obtain its full existence. Thus, reality becomes more real in existence, and existence more existent in reality. Thought and thing merge, and each becomes more what it is by being the other.

…The Idea develops both in space and in time. The idea developing in space is Nature, the Idea subsequently – or rather consequently, for it is all a logical process – developing in time as Spirit. The latter, the development of the Idea in time, or of Spirit, is History. History thus becomes one of the great movements of the Idea; it becomes embedded in a metaphysical flow of universal scope.

Hegel, G. W. F. Reason in History. Translated by Robert Hartman. New Jersey: Prentice-Hall, Inc, Library of Liberal Arts, 1997.

War in the philosophers

Is there a Veterans Philosophy Project anywhere? I have not found one. But over the last two years as I earned BAs in philosophy and sociology I have been struck by the number of great thinkers who have been to war. I am starting a list of them and will post it here once I do more research and flesh out the list.

If you know philosophers or social theorists whose war experience influenced their writing, leave their names in the comments section and I’ll add them to my list. Some off the top of my head are Socrates, Ludwig Wittgenstein, Jean-Paul Sartre, Emmanuel Levinas, and Norbert Elias – the latter three also spent time as prisoners of war.

Contemplative conversations about my military experience seem to quickly over stay their interpersonal-welcome as listeners usually change the subject before any depth is reached.  Writing becomes an outlet of choice. But writing is hard. Thankfully, a group of military veteran writers, the Veterans Writing Project and the Hospitalized Veterans’ Writing Project, are making it easier.

Justine Browning writes at Nation of Change yesterday:

In the last 10 years, putting the experience of war into written language has emerged as a popular form of therapy for growing numbers of veterans. This is largely due to the upswing in organizations and volunteers devoted to helping veterans make sense of post-combat life through prose, including the Veterans Writing Project and the literary journal O-Dark-Thirty.

There’s also Veterans’ Voices of the Hospitalized Veterans’ Writing Project (HVWP), which assists veterans with rehabilitation through therapeutic writing.

Please support these organizations, and help me make a list of philosophers and social theorists who were strongly influenced by their war experience.

Long exposure of portable toilets on Bagram Airfield, Afghanistan, 2010.

Long exposure of portable toilets on Bagram Airfield, Afghanistan, 2010.

 

 

2014 Gasparilla Music Festival – Sony RX1

I brought my Sony RX1 to the 2014 Gasparilla Music Festival in Tampa. As usual, the Sony RX1 performed above expectations. My iso ranged between 50 and 6400. My aperture ranged between f2 and f10. All of these shots are hand-held or propped on my knee if I was sitting, except for the first image, where I propped the camera on a hand rail.

2014 Gasparilla Music Festival in Curtis Hixon Park, Tampa, Florida.

Kid throws boxed water during the 2014 Gasparilla Music Festival in Curtis Hixon Park, Tampa, Florida. (Sony RX1, iso 80, 1/400 sec, f8)

2014 Gasparilla Music Festival

Cat-print shirts were popular at the 2014 Gasparilla Music Festival in Curtis Hixon Park, Tampa, Florida. Laser beams! (Sony RX1, iso 80, 1/100 sec, f8)

2014 Gasparilla Music Festival

Katie eats gator sausage at the 2014 Gasparilla Music Festival in Curtis Hixon Park, Tampa, Florida. And looks cool doing it. (Sony RX1, iso 50, 1/640 sec, f2.2)

2014 Gasparilla Music Festival

Katie chugs boxed water at the 2014 Gasparilla Music Festival in Curtis Hixon Park, Tampa, Florida. Champ. (Sony RX1, iso 50, 1/2000 sec, f2.2)

2014 Gasparilla Music Festival

Children play at the 2014 Gasparilla Music Festival in Curtis Hixon Park, Tampa, Florida. Hula hoops were to die for. (Sony RX1, iso 3200, 1/80th sec, f2)

Sykes at night with moon

The Sykes building during the 2014 Gasparilla Music Festival in Curtis Hixon Park, Tampa, Florida. Sykes was a major sponsor of the GMF. (Sony RX1, iso 6400, 1/30 sec, f2)

2014 Gasparilla Music Festival

Delux plays the amphitheater at the 2014 Gasparilla Music Festival in Curtis Hixon Park, Tampa, Florida. The Hillsborough River and University of Tampa made a great backdrop for this night concert. (Sony RX1, iso 6400, 1/4 sec, f 10)

2014 Gasparilla Music Festival

Delta Spirit plays the main stage at the 2014 Gasparilla Music Festival in Curtis Hixon Park, Tampa, Florida. (Sony RX1, iso 4000, 1/8 sec, f5.6)

Dr. Andrew Stephenson’s Map of Kant’s Critique of Pure Reason

Dr. Andrew Stephenson’s Map of Kant’s Critique of Pure Reason. Download the full res pdf from Dr. Stephenson’s site here.

Map of Kant's Critique of Pure Reason

Map of Kant’s Critique of Pure Reason, produced by Dr. Andrew Stephenson

 

(Thanks to the Leiter Reports for originally linking to this)

 

Black-bellied Whistling-Ducks on Lake Mango

Black-bellied Whistling Ducks

Black-bellied Whistling-Ducks on Mango Lake in central Florida. Photographed with the fixed 35mm full-frame Sony RX1.

Beautiful Black-bellied Whistling-Ducks were hanging out on my fence this morning. I’ve lived on the lake for 3 years, and this is this first year I have seen them here. They range from South America up through Florida, Louisiana, Southeastern Arkansas, Texas, and Arizona. Though, in the U.S., only Florida, parts of Arizona and southern Texas are year-round habitats.

Science, Religion & Culture. The new open access journal.

Brian Leiter, one of the editorial board members, linked to the new open access journal, Science, Religion & Culture. Here is an excerpt from the journal’s aims and scope statement:

Science, Religion and Culture (SRC) is an open access interdisciplinary journal focused on bringing together research and theoretical analysis from the physical, biological, and social sciences with ideas from philosophy, theology, and religious studies. It aims at exploring the unique relationship between science, religion, and culture, and it welcomes submissions from all perspectives and religious traditions—including Christianity, Judaism, Islam, Buddhism, Hinduism, Taoism, secularism, humanism, and naturalism. Given that science and religion are two great manifestations of human culture, special focus is given to the various ways modern science—including the disciplines of physics, cosmology, biology, psychology, neuroscience, mathematics, sociology, and anthropology—support, oppose, inform, or are informed by religious, theological, and cultural perspectives. Additional focus is given to perspectives on science, religion, and culture from different geographical regions, cultures, religions, and historical epochs.

The editor-in-chief is Gregg D. Caruso. He is the Associate Professor of Philosophy and Chair of the Humanities Department at Corning Community College, SUNY.

Inside the tintype darkroom with Tampa portrait photographer Joseph Gamble

Tampa portrait photographer Joseph Gamble invited me into his tintype studio and darkroom. He is working on a blended memento mori vanitas project. Using a nineteenth-century tintype photographic process, Joseph is exploring modern notions of glamour through the context of mortality. I brought my Sony RX-1 to capture a few images of the process. The first two images show elements of Joseph’s darkroom process. The third image is my vision of the circus of glamour and mortality as I found it in the studio. You can see more of Joseph’s tintype project here.

Joseph Gamble processing tintypes

Joseph Gamble processing tintypes

Joseph Gamble's tintype portrait of me rinses in the water bath.

Joseph Gamble’s tintype portrait of me rinses in the water bath.

Mannequin parts in the studio.

Mannequin parts in the studio.

Reduce your back pain by standing more

I have back pain. Now I have less back pain. You can, too. And it can be a simple and free improvement that takes only a two-minute rummage through your garage, which you’ve meant to go through anyway.

The fix: raise your workstation. Stand while you write and surf the web. Sit less. When you stand you tend to move around more, which keeps blood circulating and muscles moving.

My DIY solution is very basic, and temporary. I just propped up my laptop on a wire shelf and plastic tub. I plan to do a more substantial solution soon. But for now, my laptop is up high and I am standing while I work. Lifehacker has more and better ideas about how to do this, here.

image of a laptop on a stand on top of desk

A DIY office solution for back pain. A cheap raised workstation. Cat underneath for company.

image of a laptop on a stand on top of desk

A DIY office solution for back pain. A cheap raised workstation.